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[photo]-What is Ovarian Cancer?

What is Ovarian Cancer?


Symptoms of ovarian cancer

The symptoms associated to ovarian cancer are often not very noticeable, and tend to be overlooked. Here are some of the common symptoms:
▪ Discomfort in the abdomen
▪ Swelling in the abdomen (without pain)
▪ Constipation
▪ Bloating or intestinal gas
▪ Fever
▪ Nausea
▪ Lack of hunger and / or weight loss
▪ A frequent need to urinate
▪ Bleeding from the vagina
Important note: If you experience one or more of these symptoms for more than three weeks, make sure to consult your doctor or gynaecologist.

Detection and diagnosis of ovarian cancer

There is no reliable test used to detect ovarian cancer. The best way to encourage early detection is to go for a yearly pelvic exam. If your gynaecologist finds an abnormality, he will conduct blood tests and possibly an ultrasound. Ultimately, the only way to confirm the presence of ovarian cancer is to undergo a biopsy; a “laparotomy” (surgery) is then performed, where tissues are removed from the abdomen and pelvis. The tissue is then checked for the presence of cancer cells.

Treatment of ovarian cancer

The most common form of treatment for ovarian cancer is surgery; depending on the tumour’s location, grade and the stage of the cancer, one or both ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, and the uterus are usually removed.
Other treatment options for ovarian cancer include chemotherapy, and radiation therapy (the least common type of treatment for this cancer). Usually, surgery is followed by chemotherapy.


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